Diabetics suffer from 11 critical ailments. The first section of the five-part series on the 13 typical skin disorders of diabetics dealt with Diabetic Blisters and Dermopathy. The second part discussed five others, viz., Necrobiosis, Allergic Reactions, Sclerosis, Xanthomatosis and Disseminated Granuloma Annulare. The third piece tackled the remaining three typical skin disorders of diabetics: Acanthosis Nigricans, Atherosclerosis and Vitiligo. The fourth penultimate sub-division examined Neuropathic diabetics and Bacterial infections. This fifth and concluding sub-section takes up the issue of fungal infections in some details.
The agent that causes fungal infections especially among diabetics is Candida albicans. The syndrome can affect different portions of the patients. The peculiar aspect of these infections is that the fungus generally targets the moist and warm skin folds.
Depending on the areas where the fungi strike, the syndrome can take the forms of ringworm affection, athlete’s foot and/or jock itch. In the first instance (ringworm affection), the scaly ring-shaped patches surface on the scalp, chest, abdomen, groin, feet and/or nails. The athlete’s foot syndrome, of course, strikes the skin between the toes. The symptoms of jock itch appear on the inside portions of the thighs and also on and around the areas surrounding the genitals.
This fungus akin to yeast is prone to attack the vagina (of women). It is characterized by rashes accompanied by minute scale breaks or blisters in the surrounding portions. Its infection is also commonly evident in the mouth corners. This syndrome appears like cuts on the mouth corners. Its clinical terminology is ‘Angular cheilitis’. Such symptoms can also appear in the nails. It is then called ‘Onychomycosis’. Health researches have also found evidences of Candida albicans infection between the fingers and the toes.
WARNING: A potentially dangerous and in many cases fatal form of this infection begins in the cavities of the nose and slowly spreads to the eyes and even to the brains. It is clinically known as Mucormycosis.
REMEDIES: Consult your doctor on the appearance of the symptoms. Anti-fungal medications or pills destroy the fungus. The treatment may have to be continued for several months as medicines take time to react on fungi that are adamant. So, you need to have lots of patience and dedication to wage this battle against the germs.
NOTE: Don’t stop the treatment out of impatience. Fungi easily develop resistance to medications or pills if they are taken irregularly. Another moot point is to never go for self medication.
Besides these 10 typical skin ailments of diabetics, there are three common ones. These are dry skin, scalp disorders and feet ailments. (Please check the article: Diabetes Skin Care: The Three Common Ailments)