Diabetics are more prone to skin infections than normal persons. The good news is that the majority of the skin disorders can be checked if detected at their initial stages.
Left untreated, a minor sore or scratch or cut on the skin can degenerate and necessitate major surgery. In extreme cases, the wounds might fester and amputation of the affected limbs may be required.
Types of Infection
Skin infection can be fungal leading to constant itching and bacterial. The general fungal infections are jock itch, ring worms and athlete’s foot. They are caused by the yeast-like fungus Candida-albicans. Such skin disorders representing red sores are characterized by frequent itching. These patchy sores can degenerate into scales and blisters. Such carbuncles appear where moisture persists for a longer time than in other portions of the body. These vulnerable areas are the groin and the armpits besides under the breasts and the foreskin as well as in the vagina, the thrush (mouth) and between the nails particularly the toes (clinically known as onychomycosis).
Bacterial infections are more common among diabetics. Such disorders are spread mainly by the Staphylococcus bacteria besides a few other bacteria. The infections are characterized by infection of eyelids, glands and hair follicles besides boils and sores (carbuncles) on skin and tissue.
In most of these syndromes, constant itching is experienced in the lower extremities of the moisture-laden portions. The problem is compounded by viral and bacterial infection, dry skin and inadequate blood circulation to those affected areas.
Tackling Dry Skin
The common factor is itching which gets severe in the case of diabetics who have dry skin. So, they must use a good conditioner which also serves as a cleanser and moisturizer. Dry skin tends to develop cracks and scales which can degenerate into festering carbuncles or sores.
You can get relief by first wiping the wet portions and letting it dry down normally. Finally apply a skin cleanser-cum-conditioner-cum-moisturizer. Don’t rub it. Just put a small amount and spread it across the area. Gentle massaging provides relaxation and boosts blood circulation.
Apply the physician-recommended antiseptic or anti-fungal or anti-bacterial medication only on the affected area. Keep it covered or bandaged to obviate the possibility of the wound water oozing out and spreading the infection to the other portions of the body.